Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums resulting from long-term build-up of plaque deposits. Gums which bleed, are bright red or purplish-red, tender, swollen or shiny are indications.

If not treated, it can ultimately lead to loss of teeth and bone tissue.

Prevention and treatment depend on proper dental hygiene. It is difficult to avoid gingivitis unless you regularly (at least once daily) brush your teeth, floss, and have your teeth periodically cleaned in a dentist’s office (twice a year or perhaps more often if recommended). Mouthwash and other dental hygiene aids can also assist.

There are other possible causes of gingivitis, including excessively vigorous brushing, misaligned teeth and improperly fitting orthodontic appliances.

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