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Gum Disease

Gum disease includes inflammation of the gums and damage to the bone that connects the teeth to the jaws. More than 50% of adults suffer from some degree of gum disease.

The root cause of gum disease is plaque, the build-up of a naturally-occurring thin sticky layer of bacteria on the surface of teeth, which occurs daily.

The early stages of gum disease are called gingivitis and involve an inflammation of the gums. It is completely reversible, but if not treated, the gums start to pull away from the teeth, leaving a small pocket. These trap plaque you can’t reach with a toothbrush.
Plaque over time hardens to become tartar.

Eventually, the pockets become deeper, gum and bone may shrink. At this point it is known as periodontitis. Tooth roots may become exposed, making teeth wobbly and sensitive. Ultimately, teeth may fall out or require extraction.

At any point, the effects of gum disease can be reversed, improved or halted. No matter how minor or how advanced, it is always worthwhile to deal with, for the future pain and expense prevented or minimized.

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