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Patient Library

About Teeth Grinding

Do you think you might be grinding your teeth but you aren’t quite sure? If so, you are not alone. Many people who grind or clench their teeth are doing it unconsciously or in their sleep and are therefore unaware they are doing it until problems start to arise. Teeth grinding or clenching, also called

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Amalgams/Mercury Fillings – Why

For years there has been debate in the dental profession regarding the pros and cons of using silver amalgam fillings, which contain about 50% mercury, to restore cavities. While it has not been proven scientifically mercury can harm you, we prefer not to use silver amalgam/mercury fillings, as the technology involved with them is well

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Anxiety, Fear and Phobia

Dental procedures are now mainly painless. In spite of these improvements, many people still experience anxiety, fear and even phobia about going to the dentist. This can lead to neglect of dental problems and cause even more pain than the patient is trying to avoid. What is anxiety? What are the symptoms of anxiety? Can

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Bad Breath or Halitosis

How can I tell if I have bad breath? What are the causes of bad breath? What can I do to have fresh breath? What can my dentist do to cure my bad breath? How can I clean my tongue? 1. How can I tell if I have bad breath? We are unfortunately not always

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Bleachorexia

Dentists are concerned about patients over bleaching their teeth Having the perfect white Hollywood smile has become a must-have accessory in recent years. In 2012, people in the U.S spent $383 million on whitening strips and other at-home teeth whitening products. While having perfect white teeth may boost your confidence, some people have become obsessed

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Bruxism (Tooth Grinding) in Adults

“Habitual grinding and/or clenching teeth are forms of abnormal behaviour. Individuals may be aware of the habits during the day, but often they occur at night during sleep.” – U.S. Surgeon General’s Report What is bruxism? What are the signs and symptoms of bruxism? What causes bruxism? How is bruxism treated? How do nightguards help

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Burning Mouth Syndrome

Most people know about the typical dental or mouth problems. Tooth decay, gum disease, bad breath and more. But there is a little-known condition called Burning Mouth Syndrome that is more than frustrating to an unlucky percentage of mostly middle-aged to older women. Burning Mouth Syndrome affects approximately 7 times more women than men and

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Chewing Sugar Free Gum is Good for Your Teeth

Americans chew a lot of gum, especially children. Many adults can remember their parents warning them away from chewing too much. Those times have been changing recently. It’s true that gum can be bad for your teeth. Chewing regular gum can increase your risk of tooth decay because of all the sugar that is coating

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Cleaning Between The Teeth (or Interdental Cleaning)

Interdental cleaning refers to cleaning between the teeth. Decay usually starts on the chewing surfaces of teeth and at the contact point between the teeth. Plaque and food particles stick to the teeth in these areas. The bacteria in plaque are able to convert these food particles into acids. It is the major cause of

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Cosmetic Dentistry

Cosmetic Dentistry includes any procedure done to enhance the smile or look of the face. Some of these procedures may also be for health reasons. Everyone wants to look their best and your smile is important to accomplishing that. It can affect the way you feel about yourself, as well as others’ attitudes towards you.

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Dangerous Ingredients Found In Toothpaste

Recent findings caused an uproar when dentists began noticing pieces of plastic lodged in people’s gums. Those micro-beads that make your toothpaste look cool are actually pieces of plastic. If you are like most consumers you probably assumed they were made of a dissolvable safe substance, but micro-beads found in toothpaste don’t even dissolve in

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Dental Bonding

Dental bonding uses a durable tooth-colored plastic that is hardened with a special light, bonding permanently to the tooth. It is used to repair decayed, chipped and cracked teeth. It is also used to deal with gaps between teeth, small or misshapen teeth, and to deal with exposed roots. Bonding is one of the simplest

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Dental Bridges

Bridges are custom-made false teeth, or a single tooth, permanently placed between healthy teeth. A bridge is used to replace teeth that had to be removed. They are typically used where only one or a couple of teeth are involved, as opposed to dentures, which are removable. They are held in place by porcelain crowns

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Dental Care for Infants

Good dental health care starts with a solid foundation. This means you should start thinking about the health of your baby’s teeth and gums right from the beginning. Parents may wonder why they need to think about dental care before their baby’s teeth have even arrived, but that is a great time to start good

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Dental Crowns

If you’re self-conscious about your smile due to cracked, broken, decayed or worn teeth, we can bring back your healthy, natural-looking smile with crowns. A filling can restore a small defect in a tooth, but a crown is the most durable, strongest way to restore a tooth with extensive damage, front or back for the

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Dental Emergencies

Any known injury or persistent painful condition to the teeth or gums is potentially serious and should be dealt with promptly. This will reduce the likelihood of permanent damage or problems as well as potentially greater expense if treatment is postponed. Toothaches are of course most common. Damage to teeth such as chipped or broken,

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Dental Exams

When you are seen for your initial exam and during subsequent visits, the following will be done by Dr. Feurstein and your hygienist: Check for tooth decay: The surfaces of your teeth will be checked for decay visually, by X-ray, by touch and by using a special painless diagnostic laser call the Diagnodent when needed. 

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Dental Implants

“All On Four”Multiple Tooth Replacement Single Tooth ReplacementImplant Supported Full Denture   IMPLANTS If a tooth or several teeth are lost, dental implants can be a wonderful way to replace those missing teeth. A dental implant is a titanium screw or cylinder that is placed into the bone where a tooth was lost.  In time

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Dental Inlays

Inlays are used for restorative or cosmetic work on the top of a tooth but inside the cusps (bumps on top of the tooth). They are made of natural looking, non-metallic composites or porcelain material. Inlays can be used in cases of cavities or replacement of fillings. As with other procedures, an impression of the

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Dental Pain

Dental Pain There are several sources of dental pain.  The most common of which is the toothache.  A toothache is most commonly caused by tooth decay but there are several other causes.  These can include gum disease, trauma or injury, dry socket (infection after an extraction), impacted teeth, tooth wear, sinus infection, the bite being

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Dental Sealants

Dental sealants are plastic coatings developed and used since the 1970s, to help protect teeth from decay. They are not a substitute for fluoride treatments as they are used only on the chewing surfaces of permanent back teeth. They are usually applied during childhood, once these permanent teeth come in. In some cases they can

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Dentures “False Teeth” Full Dentures

What are full dentures? Can a denture improve my appearance? Will I feel good with my new dentures? How will the dentist plan and design my full dentures? What are the benefits of having well-constructed dentures? Will I have to be toothless after extractions? Will Immediate Dentures need to be replaced? What treatment is needed

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Dentures – Post Op (Recovery)

You may be wondering about the post-op or recovery expectations.   This could be a two-step process.  If extractions are done, it can take up to 8 weeks or possibly longer from start, for some patients to recover. Once you have completely healed and the dentures are in place, you will have an adjustment period to

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DIAGNOdent

Laser Reflection Finds Imperfection—Aids in Correction Providing the absolute best service to our patients is one of our goals. We have therefore acquired a brand new, high tech tool that allows us to find cavities on the chewing surfaces of back teeth, even when they just beginning, and would have been missed by previous detection

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Diet and Tooth Decay

“The role of sugars and other carbohydrates is critical. Nearly all carbohydrates have caries-promoting properties…” – U.S. Surgeon General’s Report What is the main dietary cause of tooth decay? What is dental plaque? Why are sugars so harmful to dental health? Are all sugars harmful to dental health? Which foods are bad for the teeth?

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Digital X-rays

What We See Is What We Get To improve your care we’ve invested in a new way of looking into your mouth—a procedure that’s fast, and incredibly precise – digital x-rays. What’s even more amazing is that we get an image immediately that is large, clear, and accurate, right next to your chair…ready for discussion.

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Dry Mouth (Xerostomia) and Saliva

Xerostomia is due to a persistently dry mouth caused by a reduction in the production of saliva.  This is not the kind of dry mouth that can be treated by drinking a glass of water. In order to discuss the effects of xerostomia it might be helpful to first discuss the role of saliva. Saliva

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Dry Socket

A possible complication of tooth extraction is called a “dry socket” – when there is not enough bleeding to form a clot in the socket. You will want to follow your dentist’s advice after the extraction as this is designed to prevent dry socket or other problems. In the rare case this does develop, contact

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Extraction of Baby Teeth

Due to injury or decay, extraction of a baby tooth may become necessary as part of orthodontic treatment. If a baby tooth is forced into the jaw by a fall or a blow, the tooth will need to be extracted if it has caused damage to the underlying permanent tooth.  Sometimes an injury causes the

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Fluoride and Infants

Recently there has been much discussion in the dental community about whether or not infants should be given fluoride supplements and what to do about infants who are under 12 months of age consuming fluoridated water. At this time, fluoride is not recommended for newborn children in the form of supplements or fluoridated drinking water.

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Gingivitis

Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums resulting from long-term build-up of plaque deposits. Gums which bleed, are bright red or purplish-red, tender, swollen or shiny are indications. If not treated, it can ultimately lead to loss of teeth and bone tissue. Prevention and treatment depend on proper dental hygiene. It is difficult to avoid gingivitis

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Gum Care

If you’ve neglected your teeth and they are tender or bleed when you brush, see your dentist for care and recommendations. But don’t stop brushing. Take it easy, and with proper care, over time, your gum condition will improve. Oral hygiene includes proper care of gums as much as tooth brushing. Flossing is equally important

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Gum Disease

Gum disease includes inflammation of the gums and damage to the bone that connects the teeth to the jaws. More than 50% of adults suffer from some degree of gum disease. The root cause of gum disease is plaque, the build-up of a naturally-occurring thin sticky layer of bacteria on the surface of teeth, which

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How Hormones Impact Oral Health

A woman’s health needs are unique, and her oral health needs are no different. Recent research has revealed that fluctuating hormones during puberty, menstruation, menopause, and pregnancy can impact how her mouth is able to manage the bacteria responsible for gingivitis and periodontal disease. Luckily, there’s something that can be done to prevent these problems.

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Mouth Guards for Sports

Mouth guards are used to protect the teeth lips and gums. They are used in sports where you may experience falls, body contact and flying equipment. We only get one set of adult teeth. You should do everything you can to protect yours or that of your child. Mouth guards are part of the typical

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Mouthwash

Many people believe that all over the counter mouthwashes are the same. That’s actually pretty close to the truth. With some variation in taste and color being the main difference between them, most mouthwash products use the same ingredients. But what do they do? It is bacteria that causes bad breath and one bacteria-killing substance

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Oil Pulling

Oil pulling is a natural and traditional way to whiten your teeth. The simple technique also cleans and detoxifies your teeth and gums.  Similar to oil pulling for the skin, the oil easily cuts through plaque and removes toxins without disturbing the teeth or gums. It can even help with gingivitis and tooth sensitivity. Oil

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Onlays

Onlays are used for restorative or cosmetic work on the top of a tooth including the cusps (bumps on top of the tooth). They are made of natural looking, non-metallic composites or porcelain material. They can be used in cases of cavities, replacement of a crown or filling, as well as other situations. Onlays extend

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Oral Hygiene

Oral hygiene consists of everything you do to keep your mouth clean and healthy such as by brushing and flossing. These prevent the build-up of plaque — the thin sticky film of bacteria that is the main culprit in gum disease and tooth decay. Plaque produces acids that eat away the hard enamel surface of

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Oral Medicine/Pathology In Children And Adolescents

“The mouth is a mirror of health or disease, a sentinel or early warning system” “As the gateway to the body, the mouth is challenged by a constant barrage of invaders – bacteria, viruses, parasites, fungi.” – U.S. Surgeon General’s Report Only the more common ailments that occur during childhood are dealt with in this

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Oral Thrush

Oral thrush is an infection of the mouth caused by the candida fungus, more commonly known as yeast. This is an infection known to affect infants and their mothers through breastfeeding, but it can also affect toddlers, older adults and those with a compromised immune system. Small amounts of the candida fungus are naturally occurring

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Pacifiers and Oral Health

Sucking is a normal, natural behavior for babies. This is how they receive all of their nutrition in the first months of life. Some babies will even begin sucking on their fingers or thumb in the womb. Babies will also suck for other reasons. It is a soothing behavior that can help them relax and

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Pain Control

“Oral facial pain … is a major source of diminished quality of life. It is associated with sleep deprivation, depression and multiple adverse social outcomes.” U.S. Surgeon General’s Report Contact Us Pain is controlled in dentistry in four different ways: Local anesthesia Conscious sedation General anesthesia Analgesics or pain relievers 1. Local anesthesia There are

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Periodontal Disease

Usually Periodontal disease starts as a painless condition affecting at least 4 out of 5 adults. Because of this, most affected adults don’t even know they have it. Periodontal disease is caused by a bacterial infection that can affect not just the teeth and gums.  Plaque, which is a sticky film, composed of bacteria and

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Plaque

Plaque is a thin sticky layer of bacteria naturally forms on all tooth surfaces. These bacteria consume sugar in anything you eat (and there is some sugar in most foods). The bacteria then produce an acid that softens and dissolves the hard protective surface of the teeth (enamel). Since enamel doesn’t contain any nerves, you

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Post Op Directions After Extractions

After a tooth has been extracted, it is very important for a good blood clot to form.  This is important as it assists in the healing process by acting as a bandage over the exposed bone.  A wad of cotton is also placed over the socket for you to bite down on, as that helps

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Preventative Dental Care

Prevention is designed to preserve the health and life of your teeth and to keep them pain-free. When it comes to oral hygiene, an ounce of prevention is definitely worth a pound of cure. If you know and follow correct preventative dental care, chances are you’ll keep your smile and your natural teeth your whole

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Replacing Your Fillings

If you have had one or more fillings to fix tooth decay you should know that fillings don’t last forever. Fillings can last for as little as five years or they can last for more than fifteen years. Sometimes, but not often, fillings can come loose right away. If you have had fillings you should

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Smoking, Gum Disease & Cancer

“Tobacco use is a risk factor for oral cancers, periodontal disease and dental caries among other diseases.” – U.S. Surgeon General’s Report Does smoking make me less attractive ? Is there a direct connection between tooth loss and smoking? How can smoking lead to the loss of teeth? Why should I give up smoking? Is

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Soft Drinks and Your Teeth

The foods and beverages we consume can have an effect on our overall health. Our teeth are no exception. What you eat and drink directly affects oral health. Certain nutrients are essential for a healthy smile. Some things we consume can have a very negative affect on our teeth. Soft drinks are one of these.

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Staining of Teeth

What are “extrinsic” stains? Can poor oral hygiene cause stains on teeth? Can teeth be stained by food and drink? Why does smoking leave stains on teeth? Can medications stain the tooth surface? How can stains be removed by dental cleaning, whitening and micro-abrasion? What is “intrinsic” staining of teeth? What causes internal staining of

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Teething – Teething and Eruption

What is teething? What is eruption? What are the signs of teething? How to comfort a teething baby. When do baby teeth start forming? How long does the eruption process last? What influences the final positioning of the erupting teeth? Are spaces between a baby’s front teeth a cause for concern? The eruption chart for

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The Advantages of an Electric Toothbrush

Whether you choose to use an electric toothbrush or a manual toothbrush for your daily oral hygiene is really just a matter of personal choice. Both types of toothbrush will yield healthy results if you are brushing at least twice daily, for at least two minutes and taking care to do a good job.  Make

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The Importance of Flossing

We all understand the importance of brushing our teeth 2x’s a day, but surprisingly, not everyone understands how important it is to floss our teeth. Your set of adult teeth is all you are ever going to get so proper care is extremely important. Everyone has bacteria in their mouth. The problem with bacteria comes

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Tooth Colored Fillings

In recent years, it has become possible to supply fillings that exactly match the color of your teeth. You end up with fillings that are nearly invisible instead of an obvious mouth full of metal. These are made of a kind of resin and so are in fact metal free. They are as long lasting

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Tooth Wear of Permanent Teeth

What is Tooth Wear? Attrition: How teeth can be worn down by other teeth. What is Bruxism? What is the treatment for severe attrition? Abrasion: How teeth can be worn away by brushing. How is abrasion repaired? Erosion: What is tooth erosion? How can acid in food and drink affect teeth? How does acid from

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Toothpaste

“The use of fluoride-containing dentifrice (toothpaste) is critical for dental caries prevention.” U.S. Surgeon General’s Report Is it important to use toothpaste? What important active ingredients do toothpastes contain? Why is fluoride an important ingredient of toothpaste? Is fluoride in toothpaste safe for children? What are desensitizing agents? Why are anti-bacterial agents necessary in toothpaste?

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Ulcers

Oral Medicine/Pathology “The mouth is a mirror of health or disease, a sentinel or early warning system. As the gateway to the body, the mouth is challenged by a constant barrage of invaders – bacteria, viruses, parasites, fungi. Many systemic diseases such as diabetes, arthritis, osteoporosis and AIDS, as well as therapies for systemic diseases,

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Vegetarians and Oral Health

Oral health is important for everyone. In addition to giving you healthy gums and teeth, good oral health is good for your overall health. Poor oral hygiene has been associated with heart disease, low birth weight babies, diabetes, osteoporosis and more. Everyone should be aware of what to do in order to maintain good oral

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What to Do If You Chip a Tooth

A chipped tooth can be more than just a painful inconvenience. If you find yourself with a visible chipped tooth it can also be very embarrassing. The trauma, pain and damage caused by a chip tooth can be overwhelming. What should you do if you have chipped a tooth? Believe it or not, chipping a

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Wisdom Teeth Removal

Wisdom teeth are the third and last set of molars to come in. They usually arrive in the late teens or early twenties often erupting between the 17th and 25th birthday. When wisdom teeth finally erupt, they may come in just like all your other molars, without any problems, but there is also the possibility

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Your Toothpaste Might Be Causing You To Break-Out

Your toothpaste may be causing you to breakout Your toothpaste could be causing you to break out with little red dots around your mouth. These red dots look similar to acne, but the correct name for them is Perioral Dermatitis. If you have tried acne medication but the acne around your mouth is still persistent

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